Our next Seminar....
Impacts of the 2011 Fisheries Policy Changes in Indonesia Case Study: Experience of Tuna Fishers, Seaweed Farmers and Fish Processors in Cilacap and Nusa Penida
Seminar Venue: 29-106 (Hass Seminar room, entrance from Bldg 28 front)
Time: 12:10 - 13:30
Chair: A.Prof. Stuart Pearson (PEMS, UNSW)
Successive Indonesian governments have expressed their commitment to increasing food security with a major focus on increased exploitation of marine resources. However, the Indonesian National Committee for Fish Stock Assessment has stated Indonesia's waters are already either ‘fully exploited’ to ‘over exploited’ across almost all regions. In 2011, the then Indonesian Minister for Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), Syarif Cicip Sutardjo, announced a new policy: fisheries industrialisation aimed at increasing Indonesia’s fisheries production in a sustainable manner for aquaculture, capture fisheries and fish processing. Blue economy principles, such as zero waste, social equity and environmental protection, were incorporated into this policy later in 2012.
The fisheries industrialisation policy comes at a time when the sector's rate of growth (6.23%) exceeds Indonesia’s economic growth at (5.16% in 2013). Some policy outcomes have been perverse, for example increasing the total numbers of fish being exported from Indonesia has resulted in increases in fish being imported into Indonesia. While reports from government and media are abundant and available, scientific reports investigating the impacts of these new policy changes on local communities are very few in Indonesia.
This research investigates the impacts of the implementation of marine and fisheries industrialization policy and blue economy concepts on three specific communities from three different sectors in two different locations. Detailed surveys report the socio-economic conditions and personal perspectives of tuna fishers, fish processes and seaweed farmers three years after policy introduction. The workers’ knowledge of the policies, their current experience and their aspirations for the future were explored using face-to-face interviews in late 2014. Findings indicate the policies have not successfully reached many of these workers and a number of performance indicators relating to their socio-economic circumstances have not yet been achieved.
These frontline workers make recommendations and identify opportunities and threats from their current experience. These issues have significant implications for successful continuation of blue economy policies in Indonesia and elsewhere.
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